We now know that, along with positive pressures for evolutionary change, there are also negative pressures. These pressures to change and adapt to an organism’s environment force a species down one evolutionary path or another. We have learned the dogma that is ‘survival of the fittest’ but does our everyday perception of ‘fittest’ align with what Darwin first postulated? Is it the strongest organism, or the one that is best adapted?
|Vibrio cholerae with a Leifson flagella stain (digitally colorized)|
Then there is the situation that arises in HIV infection and the progression to AIDS. In this disease, those with relatively strong immune systems gain no advantage regarding defence or immunity. Perhaps a super immune system is not the answer. Perhaps being robust is counter active. Maybe those with a perceived genetic weakness might be the ones to evade present day and future diseases. For example, those who have mutations that result in the absence of the CCR5 protein show immunity to AIDS. It may seem like an evolutionary stretch, but maybe an intermediate immune system, one suffering mutations, may be the only way our species might one day evolve past the point of this particular pathogen and turn the concept of ‘the fittest’ on it’s head.
If we cannot come to a cure and biological conditions call for it, then perhaps the genetically meek truly will inherit the earth.
Seán O’Callaghan is a biomedical scientist who has worked as a Student Biomedical Scientist at the Mid-Western Regional Hospital Limerick. He is the Chief of Staff at the London International Youth Science Forum
Callaghan, S., (2014) Survival of the moderates. BBC Focus, Iss. 263.
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